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The International Society for Stem Cell Research describes stem cells as the foundation cells of our body. These cells are recruited every day of your life to help repair and replace damaged tissues and cells. There are two main types of stem cells that include adult stem cells and embryonic stem cells. However, there are also many other categories of stem cells that are utilized for different means. These include amniotic, cord-blood, induced pluripotent, and nuclear-transfer stem cells. Find out what all of these different types of stem cells are and what they do to help your body heal!


Stem Cells in Your Body

Stem cells are recruited every day of your life to repair and replace damaged cells. Your body is constantly regenerating itself instead of always using the same old cells. When you suffer an injury (even a small cut), your body sends out signals that it needs repair somewhere. You have cells in reserve in your body known as stem cells. These cells lie latent until they receive the signal that your body needs help. They then follow your blood platelets to the site of injury and begin transforming into the type of cell your body needs to heal.


If a muscle is injured, each stem cell will turn into the needed muscle cells. If you have a cut on your skin, they will turn into skin cells. You don’t have any other type of cell in your body that is like a stem cell. The heart is made up of specific heart cells. Your liver has specific cells as well as your intestines, your lungs and virtually any other part of your body. Instead of your body having to figure out a specific type of cell it needs to send to a part of your body, it has these stem cells that simply transform into what your body needs. That’s why stem cells are so amazing and why they are garnishing so much attention. Since their discovery, scientists have found that these cells have incredible potential to help heal the body from disease and chronic conditions. Stem cell therapy was also created to harvest stem cells from various sources so that they can be injected in larger doses in patients who are injured or have diseases.


Multipotent and Pluripotent

Stem cells are divided into two classes of cells: multipotent and pluripotent. Multipotent cells can only become a small number of different cell types. However, pluripotent cells can become any other type of cell in the body except for those that support and develop a fetus. Your body will utilize either multipotent or pluripotent cells depending on what your body needs at the time. Your stem cells can divide and renew themselves when needed and can create specialized cell types. Scientists have found that even though your body is full of stem cells, you can only harvest them from certain sources.


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Adult, Tissue-Specific Cells

Your body creates these during fetal development and these cells stay with you throughout life. These stem cells are found in many organs such as the brain, liver, heart, bone marrow, skin and more. However, there is a limit to their self-renewal capacity. Scientists and medical professionals have successfully used adult, tissue-specific cells for therapy in the organs from which they were derived. These cells are often used in successful bone-marrow transplants to save lives.


Amniotic and Cord-Blood Stem Cells

The amniotic sac is filled with stem cells. In 2010, researchers converted amniotic fluid cells into pluripotent cells. Amniotic cells are not pluripotent, but multipotent, so they can only differentiate into certain cell types. Creating stem cells from a patient’s own tissue eradicates problems with immune rejection and avoids the controversial use of embryos. Many people donate amniotic sacs full of stem cells to centers that provide stem cell therapy to patients.


Cord-blood cells are derived from umbilical cords, which are also donated. These cells are multipotent. Although they are limited in their offerings, cord-blood stem cell transplants have become an alternative to bone marrow transplants. These are used for treating blood disorders such as leukemia when a bone-marrow match is unavailable.


Induced Pluripotent and Nuclear Transfer

iPS cells are induced pluripotent cells that are engineered by scientists in a laboratory. They create these from specialized cells (such as from the skin) that have shared qualities of embryonic stem cells. Nuclear transfer (NT)-ES cells were developed using human cells in 2013. These are created by taking the DNA from a somatic cell and using it to replace the genetic material in an egg cell.


Embryonic Cells

You will find controversy with this type of stem cell, as these are cells that originate in the earliest stages of development. Embryonic cells are different from other stem cells because they can generate all of the 220+ cells found in the adult human body. These cells are potentially limitless in what they can do. However, because they are made from embryos, not many people actually use these because the matter is still up for debate in many places. Our clinics DO NOT use these type of cells, but rely on your body’s natural stem cells for stem cell therapy.


Find Healing with Therapy

No matter where the cells come from, they are amazing in every way. Stem cell therapy has benefitted over 100,000 patients in both the United States and Europe. If you suffer from chronic pain and diseases, you can benefit from stem cell therapy. It’s a natural form of healing that boosts your body’s inherent regenerative capabilities. Plus, there are no reported negative side effects. If you want to see what stem cell therapy can do to help you heal today, call Stem Cell Centers at (877) 808-0016!