What Are the Different Types of Stem Cells?

What Are the Different Types of Stem Cells?

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Types of Stem Cells

Types of Stem Cells

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Stem cells are not like the other cells in your body.  They garnish more attention than average cells because of their unique abilities. Stem cells are divided into two classes: pluripotent and multipotent. Pluripotent stem cells can create any type of cell in the body except those needed to support and develop a fetus in the womb.  Multipotent stem cells are restricted to becoming only a small number of different cell types. Stem cells can divide and renew themselves for long periods, they are dynamic in their ability to differentiate, and they can create specialized cell types. This ability stem cells have to self-renew and to differentiate is what sets them apart from the rest. Self-renewing stem cells are able to divide and regenerate more stem cells. Differentiating stem cells can transform into the specialized, mature cells that your tissues and organs need. Stem cells are divided into six different classifications. Consider the following types of stem cells and what they offer:

  • Adult (or Tissue Specific) Stem Cells: Materialize during fetal development and stay in the body throughout life. These stem cells are found in many organs including the brain, heart, liver, bone marrow and skin but have limited self-renewal capacity. They have been successfully used for therapy in the organs from which they were originally derived. Bone marrow transplants are an example of the life-saving capabilities of adult stem cells.
  • Amniotic Stem Cells: Amniotic stem cells were first isolated from amniotic fluid in 2007. In 2010, researchers converted amniotic fluid cells into pluripotent stem cells, which are similar to ES cells.  Derived from the amniotic sac. The major difference between embryonic stem cells and amniotic is that unlike embryonic stem cells, amniotic cells are not pluripotent. They are “multipotent”; they can only differentiate into certain cell types.  Creating stem cells from a patient’s own tissue eradicates problems with immune rejection and avoids the controversial use of embryos. But their inability to morph into as many tissue types as real embryonic cells remains a limitation.
  • Cord-Blood Stem Cells: These stem cells are derived from umbilical cords. Cord-blood stem cells are also multipotent. Although they are limited in their offerings, cord-blood stem-cell transplants have become a viable alternative to bone-marrow transplants for treating blood disorders like leukemia, when a bone-marrow match is unavailable.
  • Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells (iPS Cells): Engineered by scientists in a laboratory from specialized cells (like from the skin) that have shared qualities to those of embryonic stem cells.  
  • Nuclear transfer (NT)-ES cells: were developed using human cells in 2013. These are stem cells created by taking the DNA from a somatic cell and using it to replace the genetic material in an egg cell.

Stem Cell Injections and Therapy

Stem cells, like other medical products that are intended to treat, cure or prevent disease, generally require FDA approval before they can be marketed. Right now the 3 most common types of stem cells used for injections are:  Fat (adipose tissue), Bone Marrow, and Amniotic.  Both the fat and bone marrow are harvested from your own body. With amniotic stem cell therapy, your medical provider will inject stem cells from amniotic tissues into your body.  Similar to cortisone and steroid shots, stem-cell injections have anti-inflammatory properties, but offer far more benefits than those of standard injection therapies.  While cortisone and other drugs only provide temporary pain relief, stem cells actually restore degenerated tissue while providing pain relief. The growth factors in amniotic stem cells may replace damaged cells in your body. Additionally, stem cell injections contain hyaluronic acid, which lubricates joints and tendons, easing the pain and helping restore mobility.

To learn more about the different types of stem cells and their uses, schedule a free consultation with a medical provider trained in this science and therapy. They can help you determine if you are a candidate for therapy and assess your needs.


Are You a Candidate?

If chronic knee, back, hip, shoulder pain, osteoarthritis, arthritis or other joint pain is limiting your daily routine or preventing you from activities you enjoy; regenerative stem cell therapy may be the answer you’ve been looking for!

Regenerative stem cell therapy may offer, long-term relief for people that are suffering from joint pain, arthritis, and neuropathy. The procedure takes less than 30 minutes with minimal pain. Contact us today to find out if regenerative medicine may be right for you.

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